Anne Frank 1929-1944
Anne Frank pictured in May 1942
Anne Frank pictured in May 1942


Throughout World War 2 people all over the world were horrified at the way ****Hitler**** was treating
the Jewish people. Many wanted to help the Jewish families but it was an extremely dangerous
thing to do. In total, a million and a half Jewish children died during the war. The most famous
of these children was a little girl called Anne Frank.

Anne's life and family

Anne was an ordinary Jewish girl who loved to play with her toys and ride her bike. Anne did
well at school, her favourite pastime was reading and like her father, she loved to read
Greek and Roman stories. Anne's father Otto Frank, met her mother Edith, in the bank where he
worked. The Franks three year old daughter, Margot was very pleased when Anne was born she
always wanted a little sister to play with.

Hitler comes to power

In 1933, when Anne was four, Hitler became leader of Germany. He started to pass unfair
laws against black people, gypsies and Jews. Hitler told Germans not to buy anything from
Jewish shopkeepers, and Jews weren't allowed to work for the government. Anne could not go to
Anne with her father and sister,Margot (left)
Anne with her father and sister,Margot (left)

nursery school because she was 'non-Aryan'. Anne's father saw things were getting bad for the
Jews, so he moved his family to Amsterdam in the Netherland.

Settling in the Netherland

Anne and her family started a new life in Amsterdam. They quickly leant how to speak Dutch,
and Otto Frank started a business selling herbs and spices. Anne's grandmother came from
Germany, to live with the family.
The Franks made many Jewish friends among other Jewish ****refugees**** and the local Dutch people.
The family went on many outings.

The invasion of the Netherlands

In 1940, eight months after the start of the Second World War, Hitler ordered the German army
to invades the Netherlands. For the 140,000 Jews in the Netherlands. Otto Frank tried to get his
family on a boat to England. Like many other Jews, he could not escape.

Going into hiding

In 1942 Anne's sister, Margot, was ordered to report for work at a German ****labour camp**** this
meant because Margot was Jewish, would be sent to a ****concentration camp**** where she would
almost certainly be killed .
Many Jews were put to death in concentration camp. Today we call these terrible killings
Anne and Margot's grave
Anne and Margot's grave
the holocaust.
That night Otto Frank decided that the whole family should go into hiding in a secret place he had
been preparing for months. Otto took his family to some rooms at the top of the building
that he had his office. It was called the **Annexe** Soon another four Jews came to hide in the
Annexe among them was a teenager boy called Peter Van Daan. Soon he an Anne became
good friends.


Capture

Three weeks before Amsterdam was set free, everyone in the Annexe were found by the
German, secret-police. Someone had betrayed there hiding place! No one has ever found
out who it was.
The eight people who had hidden for two year in the small hidding place were put on the last
train ever to carry Jews from Amsterdam to the concentration camps.
Anne's original diary
Anne's original diary

In the concentration camps conditions were terrible. Edith frank died of starvation. Anne
and Margot were sent to another camp where they both caught ****typhus****. When Margot died,
Anne's spirit was finally broken she died shortly after October 1944.


Anne's Diary

We know about Anne Frank's life because she kept a diary. Anne received her diary for her
13th birthday in 1942 from her parents and called it 'kitty'! Anne kept her diary a secret from
everyone. After her death, the diary was passed down to her father the soul
survivor of her family by a women who helped the Franks and persuaded him to turn it into
a book, it was first published first in Dutch in 1947. It caught the eye of the whole world.
Today, the diary of Anne Frank has been translated into a dozens of languages and more
than 20 million copies have been sold. It has have made into a stage play, film and a ballet.


To find out more about these people who hid in the Annexe click here

These are all of the people who hide in the Annexe as well as Anne:

Auguste_Van_Daan.jpg
Auguste Van Daan date and place of death unknown
fritz_pfeffer_the_dentist_in_Anne_Frank.jpg
Fritz Pfeffer died on 20th December 1944in Neuengaamme concertration camp of dysentery

Anne Frank died of typhus in the same camp where her sister Margot died
Anne Frank died of typhus in the same camp where her sister Margot died
Margot Frank died of typhus in Belsen consentration camp the exact date is not nown
Margot Frank died of typhus in Belsen consentration camp the exact date is not nown
Edith Frank died 6th Janurary 1945 of starvation and exhaustion
Edith Frank died 6th Janurary 1945 of starvation and exhaustion
Otto Frank only surviver of the annexe died of lungcancer 19th Austust 1980
Otto Frank only surviver of the annexe died of lungcancer 19th Austust 1980
Peter Van Daan died after a death march exact date is unknown
Peter Van Daan died after a death march exact date is unknown
Herman Van Daan died of being gassed in Auschwitz concentration camp
Herman Van Daan died of being gassed in Auschwitz concentration camp