The Blitz

Everyone was listening to the radio that morning at 11.15am when they heard Neville Chamberlain the Prime Minister tell them "This country is at war with Germany." A year after in 1940 the Blitz started, when Adolf Hitler and his troops started bombing main city's in Britain to try and rule the UK and soon the rest of the world.
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One of the blackout posters

THE BLACKOUT

Every night half an hour before sunset until half an hour before sunrise, people in Britain had a blackout where all the lights in the UK would be turned out, so German bombers wouldn't know where houses were so it would be less likely for them to be bombed. So people knew when the blackouts would take place everyday newspapers published the blackout times. Cars even had to have their headlights dimmed and people had to cover up there windows with cardboard or black paint. Wardens patrolled the streets with their torches low making sure everyone was safe.

GAS MASKS
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A Mickey Mouse gas mask

At school children trained to put on their gas masks, they came in different colours of red and blue for children and black for adults, babies had their own gas masks to that covered their hole body and had a pump for adults to pump the air into the gas masks with. Some children were scared of the look of gas masks, so Mickey Mouse looking gas masks were ,so children would wear them.

EVACUATION

Children didn't know they were going to be evacuated, they were told to bring a suitcase to school with all their things inside and then went to the train station with their teacher, got on A train and went to their new home.
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Children going to live with host parents
Everyone needed a nametag on to identify them on the journey. Three and a half million children from London got evacuated and went to live with a host family. The host parents were given 8 shillings and 6 pence a week per child to help look after them. Although children got evacuated in 1939, they all came back home again in 1940, because everyone was safe but then got evacuated again in 1941.

BOMB SHELTERS

Everyone had to have a bomb shelter other wise they would not be safe. Morrison shelters were inside and because people felt safer inside, there was a bomb shelter invented to put in your own home disguised as a table. Anderson shelters were outside they had space for about 4 to 6 people; they were cold, dark, smelly and damp. Morrison shelters had space for about 2-3 people, were warm and dry, hard to escape from and useless if the house was bombed.
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An Anderson shelter



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